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"The Life and Legacy of Jack Trice" Essay from The Annals of Iowa, 2010

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Courtesy of State Historical Society of Iowa, Schwieder, Dorothy, The Annals of Iowa, Vol. 69, No. 4, pp. 379-418, 2010


This Annals of Iowa essay is a written account by Dorothy  Schwieder, a retired history professor from Iowa State University (ISU), that details the life of Jack Trice, Iowa State's first African-American athlete and one of the first African-American athletes to play for a major college in the U.S. Trice tragically died in 1923 as a result of an injury he suffered during his second game for the football team against the University of Minnesota. This account highlights the hurdles Trice faced on and off the field, the events preceding his fatal injuries and the effort made after his death to recognize his story among students at ISU. 

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Source-Dependent Questions

  • What were some of the unique circumstances Jack Trice faced both on and off the field at Iowa State College between 1922 and 23?
  • How did other colleges who played against Iowa State College treat both the game, and specifically, Jack Trice?
  • After reading about the details of Jack Trice's last football game, read the letter he wrote the night before the game. What resonates with you about his letter, description of the game and his medical treatment?
  • How was Jack Trice's career (and his death as a result of injuries on the field) significant to the rest of the nation and collegiate sports when in comes to equality?