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Indian Reorganization Act, 1934

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Courtesy of National Archives, "Indian Reorganization Act," U.S. Congress, 1934


This document is the Indian Reorganization Act, also known as the Wheeler-Howard Act. This legislation replaced the allotment policy that had dominated federal-American Indian affairs for nearly 50 years. It also promoted American Indian self-determination and the revival of tribal communities.  

Transcript of the Indian Reorganization Act

Source-Dependent Questions

  • Using evidence from the document, describe the relationship moving forward between American Indian tribes and the U.S. government?
  • How would this relationship have created issues for American Indians in accessing New Deal programs? Use specific evidence from the document to support your answer.

Citation Information 

"Indian Reorganization Act," U.S. Congress, 1934. Courtesy of National Archives